Also see “Baby Whisperer Tips” by Dorothy, as featured on the OHbaby! website

Week 1

How do I stop meconium sticking to my baby’s bottom?
After washing your baby’s bottom, pat dry (avoid rubbing their skin) ensuring you get into all the creases – groin, and buttocks. Once the skin is dry then apply Vaseline (this remains the best preventative for sticking to the skin).
• Girls
Remember to wash from front to back – and yes their poo (meconium) will have worked its way into both areas.
• Boys
Remember to point their penis down – if not when they pee, they will pee straight up in the air (and there goes another set of clothes).

Do I need to use hand sterilizer?
Yes, I would say you should always have a hand sterilizer close by. I prefer Dermasoft which is quick to apply especially after nappy changing. I encourage people to clean their hands using a hand sterilizer all of the time – especially when you walk in your front door. (What you do inside is up to you but keep the outside germs on the outside of your front door).

Does my baby need to be swaddled?
Yes, this gives them security and avoids their startle reflex from waking them. You can swaddle your babies with their arms up. Check out my snow angel swaddle at under the tutorial section.

Does the swaddle need to be tight or firm?
No, when swaddling ensure their lower body is not constricted. They need to be able to move their legs and hips freely.

Can I spoil my baby from holding it all the time?
Absolutely not – it is called nurturing. When you made your baby you were nurturing each other, then you carried your baby for 9 months inside you. For the first 12 weeks, your baby belongs in your arms as much as possible. Rule of thumb: don’t do anything in arms that you cannot replicate in a cot.

I feel like crying all the time. Is that normal?
Baby blues normally occur around day 3 to 4 when you will cry at the drop of a hat. Accept it – it passes – although quicker for some than for others.

What is colostrum?
It is a low-volume, highly-concentrated substance that is packed full of nutrients and antibodies that naturally immunize your baby.

My baby wants to suck the whole time – is that ok?
Some babies are just sucky babies and want to be attached to the breast all the time. Try using your little finger for them to suck or a dummy. There is no such thing as nipple confusion.

When does my milk come in?
Usually arrives between days 3-5, however I have found that it can come in as early as day one.

What will it feel like when my milk comes in?
You will know when your milk comes in. Breasts can become large, full and rock-hard, and can be tender, sore and uncomfortable. Some breasts become lumpy but it’s nothing to worry about.

How do I deal with engorged breasts?
Remember your best pump is your baby, so the more you attach your baby to the breast the better.

What do I do with a compress?
Cold is for stopping milk flow – so apply after a feed. Use a nappy – wet it slightly and put in freezer. When you take it out it will mold to your breast.

Heat is for helping your milk flow. Do this briefly before a feed although avoid warm showers as it is now thought that the pounding water dilates blood vessels and make it worse. See what works for you.

My stitches or ‘bits and pieces’ hurt when I pee. What can I do?
Get a water bottle that squirts and squirt water while peeing.
Air-dry with a warm or cool hair dryer.
Freeze a sanitary pad and wear until it ‘thaws’.

How do I breastfeed?
There is more than one-way to hold and attach a baby – as you are about to learn. Everyone who comes in to show you will show you a different way. Accept all of the advice and then work out what works for you with the knowledge you have been given.

The most important point is to remember to latch your baby onto your breast not your nipple area.

How long should my baby be on the breast?
Remember that babies suck for comfort and technically they get all the food and nourishment from the placenta before birth. If you have a baby that is very sucky then the use of a dummy to help to avoid nipple soreness – just remember to ensure you are feeding your baby every 2 – 2.25 hours at least.

How many feeds can my baby have in 24 hours?
If your baby is feeding every 2 – 2.25 hours then you will be feeding a minimum of 10 times a day. When working with mothers in hospital my maximum has been 17, minimum around 8 feeds.

How do I prepare my toddler for their new sibling?
Think ahead and make changes as far ahead as possible. Don’t start anything new that involves a big change for the toddler before the baby arrives. Start practicing with the toddler that his needs cannot always be met or answered straight away. Picture books are a good way to introduce your baby.

How do I introduce my toddler to the new sibling?
Encourage them, rather than shutting them out. Get used to the sibling being part of the feeding and settling routines. Use words that will encourage the sibling to forge a relationship with the baby rather than the opposite.

Have a present from the baby for their sibling – ideally a baby doll or anything related to the new baby that is in a toy form.

Remember that siblings have had their world turned upside down and are still working out where everyone fits into the family dynamic. Until this happens, it is a bit like a juggling act. Try not to be hard on yourself if you feel you are not handling it well. It is a process and rarely do parents get it right first time.

Week 2

Visitors are driving me crazy. How can I stop them from turning up?
Try not to over-commit. In these early weeks it is more important to look after yourself, your baby and your immediate family’s needs, than to accommodate others. Just ask to postpone the visit – your friends and family will understand. Anyone who doesn’t isn’t any good to you right now anyway.

My partner feels left out. How can we fix that?
Your partner needs to find their feet in this ‘new world’ too. It is normal for dads to get the ‘blues’ as well, so give him plenty of jobs to do. Dads don’t do it like you but they make amazing beds for the baby to fall asleep on.

What causes sore nipples?
Empty breasts and poor latch on are the key offenders.

What can I put on them or do to help the pain?

  • Your own breast milk is the best – it is your own lanolin and is designed for your body alone.
  • Traumeel gel is great for bleeding, cracked nipples. You apply and it doesn’t have to be washed off.
  • Air your nipples as much as possible – fresh air does heal.
  • Breast shells also are great. You may look like Wonder Woman but it keeps the air circulating while you are fully dressed.

When can I introduce pumping?
You can start pumping at around six weeks unless there is a medical reason otherwise. It takes a minimum of six weeks to establish breastfeeding and to avoid breast issues, stick with your natural pump – your baby. Mastitis is often related to over pumping so beware of this.

When can I introduce a bottle?
After you have established breast-feeding which is around the six-week mark. If you miss a feed then you need to pump.

My baby won’t stop crying. Help!?
Engulf and cup to sleep – check out my video tutorial for Baby Settling
Babies cry for more reasons than hunger. They cry if they are tired, overtired, hot, cold or in pain. It is their form of communication so listen to what they are saying, then act.

How often should my baby be feeding?
Anywhere from 2 – 2.25 hourly to 4 hourly during the day and leaving it longer at night unless there are medical reasons otherwise. Work on the principle that they are awake 45 minutes to an hour and napping for a minimum of 1-½ hours.

Is my baby getting enough food?
Newborns lose up to 10% of their birth weight in the first three to four days. It can take up to two weeks to regain their birth weight.

Week 3

When can I put my baby into a routine?
Your baby is in a routine already. Your baby wakes and cries: you respond by feeding, burping and changing, swaddling then back to bed for a nap.

Awake times should be 45 minutes to maximum 1 hour.
Nap times should be minimum 1-½ hours.

How important is sleep?
The majority of babies cat nap, try and resettle, and if they don’t resettle, then you feed.

Feeding rhythm is dictated by their sleeping rhythm so once awake they are hungry and feed. Babies do not come home from hospital ready to do three-hourly feeds – it is more like 2 – 2.25 hour feeding.

Once the baby has regained birth weight, they can then be left to sleep over night. They will wake when they are hungry.

Everyone wants to tell me how to do it – it’s driving me crazy!
Explain kindly that this is your turn to parent – your parents/friends have had their chance to parent and now it’s your turn. And yes you will make mistakes, but this is how we learn.

If that doesn’t work, be assertive – invite them back at 3am!

Keep your partner on your side – he is also finding his feet, he will do things differently from you.

My lovely sleepy well-behaved baby has started waking up – is this normal?
Yes, it is. The melatonin that was passed through the placenta to the baby has now diminished, and as your baby only makes a little bit – and spasmodically – this increases their waking times.

My baby cries all the time when I bath her – how can I help her feel safe?
This is normal. Babies feel very insecure naked, so to reduce this feed your baby first then bath them. Put a cloth over their tummy in the bathtub as this tends to calm them down.

Do I need to use product with my baby when bathing?
No, however I do – I only use a little on their scalp to wash their hair and also under their armpits, and under their necks and bottoms.

How long does it take to bath a baby?
Takes longer to undress, then dry and redress, than to bath a baby. Use your instinct – if they are happy and warm, there’s no rush to get them out.

What’s the best thing for dry skin?
Add olive oil to the bathtub – just sprinkle in like you would sprinkle it over a salad.

Do I wake my baby overnight for feeding?
No, once your baby regains their birth weight, let them govern when they feed overnight. Also try and resettle for a few minutes before feeding – this is to ensure you are feeding for hunger and not comfort.

When is it okay for me to let my baby sleep in my arms?
All the time. Remember to start your baby off in the cot, when they cry you respond and pick them up and engulf them (see my Baby Settling Video Tutorial).

Allow them to have a few minutes or moments to find their sleep. This will involve them crying or grizzling. It is normal and healthy for a baby to cry before they go to sleep, however it is not good to let them do it on their own unless you choose to do so.

My baby will only settle if I rock him, walk him around the house or drive him around the block. What am I doing wrong?
Babies love movement however the movement should be something you can also do in a cot. Remember not to do anything in arms that you cannot replicate in a cot. Look at the Tutorials section to how to do cupping. There are various ways of cupping – you just have to work with your baby and see what they like or how they like it.

My baby is very active and never looks tired. Is this normal?
This is the only tired sign that worries me, and normally babies that fall into this category are very overtired.

My baby is easily stimulated and won’t fall asleep. Is this normal?
While using the engulf hold, ‘close down’ by placing a muslin over your shoulder and the baby’s head – it is amazing to see how quickly a wide-awake baby falls asleep when not stimulated.

My baby doesn’t like to sleep. What can I do?
Sleep is a learned behavior and it is up to you to teach them how to find their own sleep.

How do I avoid falling asleep with my baby in the bed?
You won’t. In most cases you are sleep-deprived and you will nod off very easily. If you choose to co-sleep then ensure you are safe co-sleeping. Remember not to have your baby in your bed if you or your partner have been drinking or doing drugs. Always feed your baby in a chair if you don’t want to fall properly asleep.

With attachment parenting, will it become a problem that she ends up waking in a different place to where she falls asleep if I transfer her to her bassinet?
No, the goal is to put her in her cot awake and respond when she cries. You pick her up and let her sleep in your arms.

If I let her fall asleep on me should I ideally try to keep her on me until she wakes up again?
Around the 1.25 hour mark you will put her back into her cot so that when she wakes she is in her own cot. This teaches her about where she goes to bed and where she wakes up.

Week 4

What is Post-Natal Depression (PND)?
It’s important to know that while some mothers develop PND in the first six weeks following childbirth, it can occur at any time throughout the first year.

Symptoms of PND can include:

  • low mood
  • constant exhaustion
  • inability to cope
  • feelings of guilt for not loving the baby enough
  • overwhelming anxiety
  • difficulty sleeping
  • lack of appetite
  • difficulties bonding with your baby
  • relationship difficulties with your partner
  • low energy
  • social withdrawal from family and friends
  • crying for no reason

What is Post-Natal Psychosis?
Post-Natal psychosis is a serious condition, thought to affect one or two women in every 1000 post birth.

Commonly occuring in the first few weeks, symptoms of psychosis are:

  • feeling out of touch with reality
  • hallucinations and delusions
  • confused or disturbed thoughts
  • mania or hyperactivity
  • loss of appetite
  • feelings of suicide
  • thought of harming the baby
  • trouble sleeping
  • severe depression

Do Dads suffer PND?
Yes, Dads can suffer from post-partum depression. Symptoms are:

  • irritability
  • anxiety
  • sleeping difficulties
  • a loss of humour
  • tendencies to withdraw from people, adding to stress levels at work and create tension in the relationship

What is sticky eye?
Common condition in newborn babies and is caused by a blocked tear duct. There are tiny tear ducts that normally drain tears from the eyes into the cavities near the nose. In some cases these tear ducts do not completely open at birth, or they can become blocked or clogged later.

How to treat sticky eye?
It can be treated at home by either using breast milk, saline or boiled water. Unless the white of the eye is red then it normally doesn’t need antibiotics, however in rare cases bacteria that the baby picked up from birth can cause the sticky eye.

What is tongue-tied?
‘Ankyloglossia’ is the medical term given for those babies whose frenulum, the band of tissue connecting the base of the tongue to the floor of the mouth, is too short and tight, restricting movement of the tongue.

How do I know if my baby is tongue-tied when feeding?
The baby tends to chew rather than suck which leads to sore nipples and is difficult to establish a good latch on. Feeding can be accompanied by a clicking noise, and the baby constantly falling off the breast.

What will I look for in my baby’s mouth?
See if your baby is unable to extend their tongue fully, or the tongue tip has a heart-shaped appearance.

What is cradle cap?
It’s the name given to the yellowish, greasy, scaly patches that appear on the scalp of young babies. It can also affect the eyebrows, forehead and behind the ears.

When should I start to cut baby’s nails?
Ideally a baby’s nails do not need cutting in the first few weeks. However some babies do have long nails.

How do I cut their nails?
Make sure you have good lighting and the right tools (emery board, scissors, clippers). Press the finger pad away from the nail and keep a firm hold of the baby’s hand. Pressing the finger pad away from the nail helps avoid nicking the skin. Fingernails – cut to the curve; toenails – straight across.

What to do if I nick their skin while cutting their nails?
Rinse under cold water, wrap a tissue or dry wipe around the finger and allow a little pressure. The bleeding will stop. Do not use a plaster as if the baby sucks their fingers it could come off in their mouth causing choking. If it becomes infected seek medical advice.

Why does my baby not stop crying?
If your baby cries inconsolably then seek medical help. Your baby is trying to tell you something. There is no baby that cries just for the sake of it. If you are told your baby is ‘just one of those babies’, then seek help elsewhere until you find the right person to help and support you. Overtired babies cry more, and all babies need lots of sleep.

How do I know if my baby is snacking?
As long as your baby naps for a minimum of 1.5 hours per sleep cycle then your baby is not snack feeding. What is important to remember that the gastric emptying of a breastfed baby after 120 minutes is 16% to 18%, so if your baby is up longer than 1.5 hours you will have more success with self-setting by topping up 15 minutes before they go back to bed.

My baby is a reflux baby and I need to hold upright for 20 minutes after a feed. Is this ok?
Sleep for reflux babies is important, as this is when the body heals and allows time for gastric emptying. You can hold your baby and also put them to sleep – check out the engulf hold under Tutorials. The engulf hold allows the baby’s head to be higher and gives them the security they need to fall asleep.

Feeding to sleep – good or bad?
If you feed your baby approximately 15 minutes before they go down for a nap, then swaddle, you have broken the feed to sleep theory. While feeding, ensure they don’t fall asleep – if they do, remove from the breast and relatch.

How do I know if I have thrush on my nipples?
Your nipples may be itchy, red, inflamed.

How do I know if my baby has thrush?
Before giving your baby a feed check in its mouth. If they have white spots on either the inside cheeks of their mouth or over their tongue this is a good indication. If you try and wipe off the white spots from the tongue and they won’t, then this is another good indicator. They tend not to feed well either.

Your baby will need treatment for thrush and so will your nipples. Remember to treat both of you otherwise it will recur.

Week 5

What is colic?
It is severe pain in the abdomen caused by wind or obstruction in the intestines and suffered especially by babies.

How will my baby act with colic?
Colic is typically associated with prolonged and inconsolable bouts of crying, often occurring around 5pm, which causes a baby to curl into the fetal position.

What causes colic?
Experts tend to disagree on what causes colic, although it is commonly associated with a build-up of gas in a baby that has not been burped properly. I also believe stress to be a major factor.

What is reflux?
Reflux is defined as “the splashing or pushing of stomach contents backwards up into the esophagus, and sometimes out of the mouth or nose.” There are commonly three types:
Happy Spitter
This is a baby that regurgitates numerous times a day, or may vomit once or twice, but are happy and contented and can continue to do this into their toddler years.
Unhappy Spitter
This is a baby suffering from gastro-esophageal reflux. Symptoms will be the same as the Happy Spitter, but with vivid signs of distress.
Silent Reflux
This is difficult to detect, as there are no obvious symptoms. Undigested milk rises, burning your baby’s esophagus, then descends again into the stomach, undetected.

How do I deal with reflux?
During feeding

  • Ensure that you are feeding for hunger and not comfort
  • Give your baby’s digestive system time to fully digest before feeding again

If breastfeeding

  • Practice a deep latch-on technique
  • Position your baby to the breast so that the head is higher than the body

If bottle feeding

  • Try a lactose free formula
  • Hydrolyzed or partially-hydrolyzed formulas have been known to help

Other options

  • Raising the head of your baby’s cot and change table sometimes helps.
  • Avoid sitting your baby upright for long periods of time as it can put pressure on your baby’s tummy and cause discomfort, for example, car seats and long car journeys.
  • Babies suffering from reflux and colic also dislike excessive movement and rocking.
  • In my experience, they best respond to being held calmly and securely in your arms, with movement, noise and distractions kept to a minimum. This may not be easy in a busy home but do the best you can

What are common tired signs?

  • jerky arm and leg movements
  • fist clenching
  • facial grimacing
  • grumpy grizzling sounds, sometimes a nasal-sounding wail
  • yawning
  • spaced-out stare often mistaken for alertness

If in doubt, use the clock as a general guideline.

Who can I turn to for support when the time with my midwife ends?
In New Zealand, we have Plunket Nurses who take over from midwives. They offer a service where you can have your baby’s weight and height measured and their milestones checked. They also offer support for mums.

I can’t seem to get breastfeeding – have I failed?
Believe me, you are not the only one that feels like this. The first and most important decision that you will have to make is whether to continue struggling with breastfeeding or whether you make the choice to bottle-feed. You are not a failure, but a mother who has had to make the hardest decision in her life.

I don’t have enough milk. Do I?
Apart from the power of positive thinking, you could try the following:

Fenugreek – increases milk quantity
Omega3s – increases the content of the hind milk
Protein shakes – great for a boost in the afternoon and easy to make
Protein snacks – gives your milk a boost half an hour before a feed.

Drink plenty of water – at least 120mls per feed (for the next feed) then drink whatever you would normally drink in between.

I am breastfeeding so it is safe to have sex?
The bottom line is no, breastfeeding will not stop you from conceiving.

When do I need to look at using contraception again?
About now or when the time frame was given that you could assume your normal sexual activities.

Week 6

What is the best age to introduce a bottle?
The most common age is six weeks however in my experience older babies can take to a bottle just like that. I also know babies that have been offered a bottle from time to time since they were six weeks old who eventually refuse the bottle. The golden rule here is if you are going to do it at this age, then you need to offer it on a daily basis and remember if you are offering expressed breast milk, then this will not guarantee that they will take a bottle later on with formula in it.

My baby refuses to take a bottle – what can I do?
Remember latching onto a teat is different from latching onto the breast. Mothers tend to have mixed feelings about introducing a bottle and often do so from pressure from others. In my experience, the success rate is better if the mother remains present, regardless who is giving the baby its bottle.
Try to feed at the same angle as if your baby were on your breast and choose a suitable teat that looks similar to your nipple with a flow that is adequate to meet your baby’s needs.
My baby refuses a bottle with formula but will drink expressed breast milk from a bottle. What can I do?
This is very common, but the way to get around this is to start with 90% breast milk and over a period of time reduce the breast milk and increase the formula until they are taking full formula.

Can I re-lactate?
Yes, you can. It takes time and patience. Put your baby to the breast as much as possible and also change your feeding positions ie. switch between the Madonna and rugby hold. Use a Lacta-Aide (SNS system) which is a tube that is attached to the breast and to a container that holds formula. As the baby drinks and stimulates the breast they will be contented until your milk flow increases as they are getting formula from the tube.

What is a dream feed?
A dream feed is when you pick up a sleeping baby between the hours of 9pm and midnight to feed it. This is different to when a baby wakes at this time of the night for a feed.

Why do you do a dream feed?
This is an easy fix that as the baby grows can be difficult to change. It is recommended to parents on the belief that if they feed a baby at this time, then they will sleep longer however there is no evidence to indicate that dream feeds guarantee parents’ extended sleep.

Why not to dream feed?
Research shows that dream feeds are thought to interfere with a baby’s most precious and deepest phase of sleep that occurs between 9pm and midnight. Neuroscientists believe that deliberately feeding a sleeping baby meddles with digestion, growth and development and can disrupt long-term sleeping patterns.

Where can I find information about the best formula to use?
Unfortunately due to WHO regulations formula feeding is not freely discussed. Formula companies are a good place to start – there are so many different types of formula that it does get confusing. I tend to suggest partially hydrolyzed formulas as the molecules are broken down and the gastric emptying is similar if not slightly faster that breast milk.

What are probiotics and what do they do?
Probiotics is a good group of bacteria that occur naturally in our bodies. Probiotics help our body to maintain a healthy digestive system; a good bowel, liver and immune function as well as assist our body in producing essential group B vitamins.

Should I continue taking probiotics after my baby is born?
A woman’s breast milk is highly beneficial, especially the ‘pre-milk’ or colostrum, to her baby’s developing immune system. Probiotic supplements, in particular those that contain Lactobacillus bacteria strains, have the same immunogenic results and boost this positive characteristic of breast milk. Babies breast-fed by mothers taking a probiotic supplement are more likely to have better digestive health with fewer incidences of upset tummies, irregular bowel motions, reflux and colic. In the longer term, these babies are also less likely to go on to develop skin and food allergies.

Many infants exhibit intolerance to dairy products and in turn, react to their mother’s breast milk. Supplementation with an infant probiotic formula may help them to better tolerate the proteins and sugars contained within the breast milk. Probiotics may also help to reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal upsets in these infants, including infantile reflux, colic and irregular bowel elimination.

What are the benefits of adapting a deep latch-on technique?
It enables your baby to empty your breast more efficiently. It helps with milk production and avoids nipple issues. It also helps reduce the intake of air. With this technique, you are trying to make available the most breast tissue as possible – this will help your nipple to be correctly positioned inside your baby’s mouth

How do I ensure I am doing a deep latch on?
Madonna hold
To do a deep latch on, hold the same breast with your hand i.e. left breast, left hand. Imagine your breast as the face of a clock, now position your finger and thumb at 9 and 3 (basically holding the breast in a “U” shape) making sure that the first finger is well under the breast and not interfering with the lower jaw of the baby latching onto the breast.
Rugby (football) hold
A rugby hold is where you tuck your baby under your arm with their legs facing backwards with their head resting in the same hand as the arm that they are tucked under with. In this position, the breast is held in the opposite hand to the breast in a “C” shape where the finger and thumb are at 12 and 6.

Should I let my baby cry it out?
Definitely not – ‘cry it out’ is a form of abandonment and the only time to leave your baby to cry on its own is if you are unable to deal with it and you feel you may harm your baby. In this case put your baby in their cot and walk away – call someone for help.

My baby wakes up after 20 minutes – what does this mean?
This is a good indication that your baby has gas and needs burping or is having digestive problems. I would suggest burp and then engulf and put back to sleep.

My baby always cries when I am changing their nappy – why?
Babies don’t care if they have a dirty nappy, so when they wake, feed and then change – you will have a happier baby.

What is lactation failure?
This is a condition shared by about 15% of women and what women don’t realise is that it isn’t their fault. There are two types of lactation failure – primary and secondary.

Secondary failure affects around 11% of women and is due to their milk supply dwindling due to insufficient nutrition, poor milk supply management or problems with the baby sucking.

Primary failure affects around 4% and it means no matter what you do you just can’t make enough milk. This is due to many reasons which some are glandular tissue problems, prior breast surgery or Sheehan’s Syndrome.

What is Sheehan’s Syndrome?
This is when women have a massive postpartum haemorrhage experience shock to the pituitary gland. The pituitary regulates prolactin – the hormone that supplies breast milk.

My baby cat naps – is this normal?
Yes, most babies cat nap, which means they stir after one sleep cycle. Babies stir when they are going from their light sleep to a deeper sleep. By stepping in at this stage before they wake you can actually help them go into their next sleep cycle.

When will she learn to resettle herself after light sleep if she always needs me to come in and do the cupping to resettle her?
In my experience it can take at least 11 weeks to teach a baby to resettle, however some babies can take longer.

Is it worth spending this time to teach them to self-settle and resettle?
Yes, when your baby grows and goes through what they call sleep regression, your baby knows how to self settle and re settle.

What is self-settling?
This is teaching your baby to fall asleep on its own. In the beginning you will need to intervene and help them find their sleep but over time they will learn to fall asleep on their own.

What is resettling?
This is about teaching your baby to stay asleep. This is a difficult step but totally worth taking the time to do it.

When do I move my baby into his own room?
It is recommended that you co sleep (sharing the same room) for up to 6 to 12 months.
Some parents cannot sleep in the same room as a baby due to all the noises that they make during the night. It is ultimately a personal choice and one that parents make together

What monitor do you recommend?
I recommend a three-in-one with noise, breathing and camera. Two of the popular brands include ‘Snuza 3 n 1’ and ‘Angel monitor 3 n 1’.

How long before I see a change in my baby’s behaviour or routine?
It takes a minimum of ten days to see a light at the end of the tunnel and the first 3 to 4 days are always the hardest.

What foods should I avoid when breastfeeding?
There are three food groups that can case issues – dairy, sugar or wheat/gluten.
Remove each food group one at a time for 72 hours. This means you need to read the labels. If nothing changes, remove the next group and repeat.

Are alternative therapies good for babies?
Yes, like anything it is more about the person doing the treatment that will create the success. There are very good cranial osteopaths, cranial chiropractors or acupuncturists for babies.